The Pencil
The Pencil

The pencil that we have all used has its peculiar history.

The pencil that we have all used has its peculiar history. First, in 1564 a storm knocked down trees in the town of Cumberland, England. Some inhabitants approached and saw a black substance, of mineral aspect, unknown until that moment, it was natural graphite! They started using it to mark their sheep.

Then, beginning in the seventeenth century, the English crown began to exploit the graphite mines to fuse cannons with it! That’s why it was understandable that the production of graphite was very regulated and that nobody dared to steal some of this material, because it could be punished even with the death penalty!

There are different versions of who invented the graphite-based pencil, some say it was a Frenchman, some say two Italians, or an Austrian architect. The truth is that the first pencils were short, then contained sulfur, antimony and resins and even covered with wax.

In 1858 Hymen Lipman, a Jamaican, obtained the patent for placing a rubber band, that is, he registered himself as the inventor of the rubber band of the pencil.

While in 1792 the first pencil company was opened in Vienna. And in 1812 an American invented the first machine that produced pencils very similar to those we know now.

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